Representing Massey Residents and Ratepayers

Annual General Meeting Notice

94th Annual General Meeting

94th Annual General Meeting Massey Birdwood Settlers Association Inc.

 Notice is hereby given for the above meeting to be held in the Den, Massey Community Hall, corner Don Buck Road and Redhills Road, Massey on Thursday 31st October at 8.00pm to:

  1. Approve the 2018/19 Annual Financial Statements
  2. Elect 2019/2020 Year 
  3. Attend to General Business

John G Riddell – Secretary

Culture at the Massey Birdwood Settlers Association

Education, keep fit and sporting activities take place at the Massey Birdwood Settlers Hall. You can also learn and practice the art of Quilting every second Wednesday in one of the halls side rooms, known as the Den. The sessions run from 6.30pm to around 9pm with Wendy Oswin showing you how to undertake the tricky bits of Quilting. On the second Saturday of every month, the Waitakere City Cake Decorating Club converge on the Hall. Demonstrations and classes are held that teach you how to decorate the cake for your 21st birthday, or your friend’s Wedding.  Some wonderful hand crafted cakes end up being on display that are just too nice to eat! You can contact the club through the clubs email address,

Aikido coming to Massey Community Hall

An Aikido club will be starting at the hall on the Monday after the September school holidays.

The group has been going since 1974 and is affiliated to Japan who grant the grading’s for black belts.

Aikido is an art that follows a principle of peaceful resolution opposed to a violent out come. Aikido is not sport based but training for everyday life. Aikido is an effective system to control aggression and is used by the Japanese Riot police, law enforcement agencies around the world and many people around the world that use Aikido to benefit their lives.

Craig Andrew, a Massey resident has  been studying Aikido since 1990 and is the Chief Instructor for New Zealand with a club on the North Shore and Wellington. Craig holds the rank of 7th degree instructor and will be running the classes on Monday nights.

To find out more about Aikido click on

Fitness League Fridays at 9.30am

Every Friday between 9.30 and 10.30am in the morning a group of ladies meet in the hall with the aim of getting fit  and having fun. They would love you to other Massey Ladies to join them.

2013 was a good year for them and Brenda the Fitness League instructor  is looking  forward to another year of classes and social activities year.

The Fitness League believe the Massey Birdwood Settlers Hall’s facilities are excellent and Brenda loves taking classes in our hall.Fitness Xmas luncheon

It is not only the classes that are themselves but the social chat the ladies enjoy  have over tea coffee & biscuits

(or if lucky some home baking) in the hall after the  class.

During the year the Fitness league also has get-togethers outside of class, and the  class has  organised to go to Blossoms for brunch on one occasion, however for Brenda the highlight of the year was the Christmas breakup when she  got to put on her Antlers and play Xmas music while exercising, after which their was lots to eat.

Events on the calendar this year include : A weekend retreat of exercise and fun at Vaughan Park, to be  held in March, and a Spring Luncheon at Rose Hotel Parnell, with a  trip out to Waiheke Island for the  Christmas breakup.

These activities gives members a chance to socialise as well as exercise with others.

This year planning  will also start for a trip to the UK as next year is the Leagues anniversary which they

hold at the “Royal Albert Hall”. Those that go will get a chance to stand on the hallowed floor of the

RAH. Brenda has been  their twice and believes there is  such an amazing feeling  and would like to see a

great turnout from New Zealand and Friday MBSA class.

Drop in and meet the ladies  at the Fitness League classes on Fridays between 9.30am and 10.30am.

nb – click on Fitness – third paragraph and you will go to the Fitness League website, or you can click on their link under Hall users links on the left side of the page.

New Executive

The Association held its annual general meeting resulting in a change to its top table.

New President is Dr Ershad Ali, an economist and honourary Trade Commissioner for the Maldives. Dr Ali takes over from Brian Lay, a retired Chartered Accountant who turns 80 in January and felt that after some forty years, with over thirty of them sitting at the front thought it would beExecutive members of the Massey Birdwood Settlers Assn in front of the mural Lto R Kay Wilson John Riddell Ian Miller Ershad Ali Warren Flaunty and Allen Davies appropriate to make way for new blood.

Mr Lay remains on the executive.

Samantha Farquhar was elected to the position of Vice President and presents a new younger face to the executive. Combined with her knowledge of Massey and as a coordinator for Massey Matters, the Association plans to revitilize  the interest in resident and ratepayer organisations and continue its objectives for another 88 years of  by working with statutory bodies for the  general advancement and improvement of the districts of Massey and Birdwood for the benefit of the ratepayers, residents and visitors. The Association will continue its work to establish, improve or preserve social, cultural or sporting activities or amenities or the unique environment of the area.

Continuing as Secretary/Treasurer is John Riddell, who has been in the job for over eleven years and responsible for the upgrades to the hall and local initiatives undertaken by the Association for the community such as the establishment of a newsletter.

On the executive are Allen Davies, Warren Flaunty, Brian and June Lay, Ian Miller, and Bruce and Fran Hartnell.

Massey Means Business – the Association is a Hub for business

2_007 A business Association is being launched for Massey Businesses on November 12th, right here in our hall.

The Association while a not for profit organisation was formed in 1925 by a number of local residents, business people in the community who owned farms in the area, the main business back in those days.

Over the years the Association has generated business for many people in the community. From insurance, builders, electricians, painters, plumbers to carpet layers, upholstery, catering companies, telecom, signwriters, cleaning suppliers, the Hall generates a lot of business as do its tenants.

The Association is very proud that over the years it has been a leader in the community. Not only has the Association been the first home for the Massey Library, the CAB in its early days, it has generated income for the local economy and business people.

Come along if your in business by indicating your attendance to

Local Government Elections

The local Government Elections are looming and the Association encourages everyone to vote. Whether your young or old, male or female, white or brown , yellow or pink, the right to vote is one of the most fundamental rights that we have in this country.

The Association itself does not support any candidates

John Riddell

John Riddell

However it does wish Secretary John Riddell and executive member Warren Flaunty all the best in their election campaigns.

We understand that Warren will be contesting the Rodney Local Board, the Trust and Health Board while John will be contesting the Henderson Massey Local Board. Both boards have common boundaries with the Association.

Warren Flaunty

Warren Flaunty

In years gone by, before the 1989 Local Government reforms, and the creation of Community Boards, resident and ratepayers associations like ours were the Community Boards and Local Boards of today and completely voluntary.

Now days Community Boards have been replaced by Local Boards, and it has fallen back to voluntary organisations like ours to take on the role of Community Watchdog and ensure our roads are safe, our parks are maintained, and a voice is heard opposing a sky tower being built next to your home.

The Association has been lucky to have had elected members ( Allen Davies, John Riddell and Warren Flaunty) on Councils, Community Boards and Local Boards serving on the its executive. Their collective and individual knowledge has helped the Association over the years achieve things for the community and of course the Association, its hall and many users have benefited from their govern ship experience.

If you would like to learn about the workings of Council and your community, by joining the Association you can cut your teeth on Council affairs and one day stand yourself for elected office knowing that you would know the language of local government. Alternatively you can remain in the back ground and assist the Association to grow and survive another 88 years of serving the community.

Pictures from the launch of Paint NZ Beautiful Saturday 29th

The Launch of Paint NZ Beautiful Week took place right here, in Massey on the 29th June.

What better way to remember the occasion but with a few pictures from the day.The cake to celebrate the launch of PNZB decorated by the Waitakere City Cake Decorators

Tag Out Dog complete with Resene T Shirt

Onlookers marvelling at the mural celebrating the launch of PNZB on the side of the Massey Birdwood Settlers Hall

Launch of Paint NZ Beautiful at Massey Birdwood Settlers Hall

John Riddell points out the gum diggers on the mural at the launch of Paint NZ Beautiful

John Riddell explaining the fine points of the mural

Iris Donoghue Chair of KNZB and Auckland Deputy Mayor Penny Hulse

Executive members of the Massey Birdwood Settlers Assn in front of the mural Lto R Kay Wilson John Riddell Ian Miller Ershad Ali Warren Flaunty and Allen Davies

Sport Waitakere Move4Health

The Move4Health move4healthwaitakereprogramme is about encouraging and supporting inactive community members to engage in accessible, safe and affordable physical activity prompting lifestyle and behavioural change. Its focus is on providing a friendly environment in the treatment of ‘inactive’ community members who are at risk of suffering adverse effects from being overweight, obese, or other health related problems. Ultimately, the programme aims to empower people to embrace a more active and healthier lifestyle that is sustainable over time.

Developed previously for Green Prescription clients, the programme is now open to the whole community, male and female, all ages.  This programme has become a community run, community based, and community funded programme.  Active Communities Advisor for Sport Waitakere, Emma Haigh, is thrilled with the programme she now facilitates.  “I love seeing so many people getting back to health and taking ownership of their lives.  Whether they are active and mobile or mostly sedentary, we can accommodate them in all the sessions”.  Qualified Instructors can run sitting down sessions, so participants need not worry if moving about is hindering them from being active.  After each class they enjoy a healthy snack and meet others in their community, all there for the same reason – to get back their health, mind and body.

Classes are once a week for 1 hour with a 15 minute social time after.

Move4Health Massey

When: Every Wednesday 10.45am – 12.00noon
Where: Massey Birdwood Settlers Hall – entry from Red Hills Road
Cost: $3 per class

Wing Chun Kung Fu – Thursday nights

The following article is from Anthony George who takes the Kung Fu classes on Thursday nights at the hall – if you want to find out any more after reading the article, about Wing Chun Kung Fu, you can contact Anthony via the “Kung Fu” link under hall users or by clicking on the words Kung Fu when you see them in brown lettering through out the text.

History of Wing Chun

The earliest known mentions of Wing Chun date to the period of Red Boat Opera.
The common legend as told by Yip Man involves the young woman Yim Wing-chun, (Wing Chun literally means ‘forever springtime’ or ‘praising spring’,) at the time after the destruction of the Southern Shaolin Temple and its associated temples by the Qing government:

After Wing-Chun rebuffs the local warlord’s marriage offer, she says she’ll reconsider his proposal if he can beat her in a martial art match. She soon crosses paths with a Buddhist nun–Ng Mui, who was one of the Shaolin Sect survivors, and asks the nun to teach her boxing. The legend goes that Ng Mui taught Yim Wing-Chun a new system of martial art that had been inspired by Ng Mui’s observations of a confrontation between a Snake and a Crane; this then-still nameless style enabled Yim Wing Chun to beat the warlord in a one-on-one fight. Yim Wing-Chun there-after marries Leung Bac-Chou and teaches him the style, which is later named after her.
Since the system was developed during the Shaolin and Ming resistance to the Qing Dynasty, many legends about the creator of Wing Chun were spread to confuse enemies, including the story of Yim Wing Chun. This perhaps explains why no one has been able to accurately determine the creator or creators of Wing Chun.


Balance, structure and stance
Some Wing Chun practitioners believe that the person with better body wing_chunstructure will win. A correct Wing Chun stance is like a piece of bamboo, firm but flexible, rooted but yielding. This structure is used to either deflect external forces or redirect them.
Balance is related to structure because a well-balanced body recovers more quickly from stalled attacks and structure is maintained. Wing Chun trains the awareness of one’s own body movement derived from muscular, tendon, and articular sources. Performing Wing Chun’s forms such as Chum Kiu or the Wooden Dummy form greatly improve proprioception. Wing Chun favours a high, narrow stance with the elbows kept close to the body. Within the stance, arms are positioned across the vitals of the centerline. Shifting or turning within a stance is carried out variantly on the heels, balls, or middle (K1 or Kidney 1 point) of the foot depending on lineage. All attacks and counter-attacks are initiated from this firm, stable base. Wing Chun rarely compromises structure for more powerful attacks because this is believed to create defensive openings which may be exploited.
Structure is viewed as important, not only for reasons of defense, but also for attack. When the practitioner is effectively “rooted”, or aligned so as to be braced against the ground, the force of the hit is believed to be far more devastating. Additionally, the practice of “settling” one’s opponent to brace them more effectively against the ground aids in delivering as much force as possible to them.


Softness (via relaxation) and performing techniques in a relaxed manner, is fundamental to Wing Chun.
· Tension reduces punching speed and power. Muscles act in pairs in opposition to each other (e.g. biceps and triceps). If the arm is tensed, maximum punching speed cannot be achieved as the biceps will be opposing the extension of the arm. In Wing Chun, the arm should be relaxed before beginning the punching motion.
· Unnecessary muscle tension wastes energy and causes fatigue.
· Tense, stiff arms are less fluid and sensitive during trapping and chi sao.
· A tense, stiff limb provides an easy handle for an opponent to push or pull with, whereas a relaxed limb provides an opponent less to work with.
· A relaxed, but focused, limb affords the ability to feel “holes” or weaknesses in the opponent’s structure (see Sensitivity section). With the correct forwarding these “holes” grant a path into attacking the opponent.
· Muscular struggle reduces a fight to who is stronger. Minimum brute strength in all movement becomes an equalizer in uneven strength confrontations. This is very much in the spirit of the tale of Ng Mui.


While the existence of a “central axis” concept is unified in Wing Chun, the interpretation of the centerline concept itself is not. Many variations exist, with some lineages defining anywhere from a single “centerline” to multiple lines of interaction and definition. Traditionally the centerline is considered to be the vertical axis from the top of a human’s head to the groin. The human body’s prime striking targets are considered to be on or near this line, including eyes, nose, throat, solar plexus, stomach, pelvis and groin.
Wing Chun techniques are generally “closed”, with the limbs drawn in to protect the central area and also to maintain balance. In most circumstances, the hands do not move beyond the vertical circle that is described by swinging the arms in front, with the hands crossed at the wrists. To reach outside this area, footwork is used. A large emphasis and time investment in training Chi Sao exercise emphasizes positioning to dominate this centerline. The stance and guard all point at or through the center to concentrate physical and mental intent of the entire body to the one target.
Wing Chun practitioners attack within this central area to transmit force more effectively, since it targets the “core center” (or “mother line”, another center defined in some lineages and referring to the vertical axis of the human body where the center of gravity lies). For example, striking an opponent’s shoulder will twist the body, dispelling some of the force and weakening the strike, as well as compromising the striker’s position. Striking closer to the center transmits more force directly into the body.


Due to the emphasis on the center line, the straight punch is the most common strike in Wing Chun. However, the principle of simultaneous attack and defense (Lin Sil Die Dar) suggests that all movements in the Siu Nim Tau with a forward execution flow into a strike if no effective resistance is met, without need for recomposure. Other explicit examples of punches can be found in the Chum Kiu and Bil Jee forms, although these punches may appear to be superficially different they are simply the result of the punch beginning from a different origin position while following the same fundamental idea, to punch in a straight line following the shortest distance between the fist and the opponent.

The punch is the most basic and fundamental in Wing Chun and is usually thrown with the elbow down and in front of the body. Depending on the lineage, the fist is held anywhere from vertical to horizontal (palm side up). The contact points also vary from the top two knuckles, to the middle two knuckles, to the bottom three knuckles. In some lineages of Wing Chun, the fist is swiveled at the wrist on point of impact so that the bottom three knuckles are thrust forward adding power to the punch while it is at maximum extension. The punches may be thrown in quick succession in a “straight blast” or “chain punching”. When executed correctly, it can be used as a disorienting finisher. When executing the punch, you must relax and use your shoulders. The punch comes from the body and not the arm. Unlike most other punches in martial art, Wing Chun punches with the body.

Wing Chun is often criticized for encouraging weaker punches that do not utilize the whole body. However, as per the formal name of the punch (which is translated as “The Sun-character Rushing Punch (or Hammer in Cantonese)”), a practitioner typically would thrust his full body weight towards his opponent, with the fist as the “nail”, and his body as the “hammer”. With each successive punch, the practitioner would step in closer and closer to the opponent, driving the fists forward as a hammer drives a nail.

Wing Chun favors the vertical punch for several reasons:
· Directness. The punch is not “loaded” by pulling the elbow behind the body. The punch travels straight towards the target from the guard position (hands are held in front of the chest).
· Protection. The elbow is kept low to cover the front midsection of the body. It is more difficult for an opponent to execute an elbow lock/break when the elbow occupies this position. This aids in generating power by use of the entire body structure rather than only the arm to strike. Also with the elbow down, it offers less opening for the body to be attacked while the forearm and punch intercept space towards the head and upper body.
· Strength and Impact. Wing Chun practitioners believe that because the elbow is behind the fist during the strike, it is thereby supported by the strength of the entire body rather than just a swinging fist, and therefore has more impact. A common analogy is a baseball bat being swung at someone’s head (a round-house punch), as opposed to the butt end of the bat being thrust forward into the opponent’s face (wing chun punch), which would cause far more damage than a glancing hit and is not as easy to evade. Many skilled practitioners pride themselves on being able to generate “short power” or large amount of power in a short space. A common demonstration of this is the “one-inch punch”, a punch that starts only an inch away from the target yet delivers an explosive amount of force.
· Alignment & Structure. Because of Wing Chun’s usage of stance, the vertical punch is thus more suitable. The limb directly in front of the chest, elbow down, vertical nature of the punch allows a practitioner to absorb the rebound of the punch by directing it through the elbows and into the stance. This is a desirable trait to a Wing Chun practitioner because it promotes use of the entire body structure to generate power. Whereas, the rebound of a horizontal punch uses only the arm to strike. In this elbow-out position the hinge-structure directs force outwards along the limb producing torque in the puncher’s body.


Kicks can be explicitly found in the Chum Kiu and Mook Jong forms, though some have made interpretations of small leg movements in the Siu Nim Tau and Bil Jee to contain information on kicking as well. Depending on lineage, a beginner is often introduced to basic kicking before learning the appropriate form. Traditionally, kicks are kept below the waist. This is characteristic of southern Chinese martial arts, in contrast to northern systems which utilize many high kicks.

Variations on a front kick are performed striking with the heel. The body may be square and the knee and foot are vertical on contact (Chum Kiu), or a pivot may be involved with the foot and knee on a plane at an angle (Mook Jong). At short distances this can become a knee. A roundhouse kick is performed striking with the shin in a similar manner to the Muay Thai version with most of the power coming from the body pivot. This kick is usually used as a finisher at closer range, targeting anywhere between the ribs and the back of the knee, this kick can also become a knee at close range. Other kicks include a stamping kick (Mook Jong) for very close range and a sweep performed with the heel in a circular fashion.
Every kick is both an attack and defence, with legs being used to check incoming kicks or to take the initiative in striking through before a more circular kick can land. Kicks are delivered in one movement directly from the stance without chambering/cocking.

Uncommitted techniques

Wing Chun techniques are uncommitted. This means that if the technique fails to connect, the practitioner’s position or balance is less affected. If the attack fails, the practitioner is able to “flow” easily into a follow-up attack. All Wing Chun techniques permit this. Any punches or kicks can be strung together to form a “chain” of attacks. According to Wing Chun theory, these attacks, in contrast to one big attack, break down the opponent gradually causing internal damage. Chained vertical punches are a common Wing Chun identifier.

Trapping skills and sensitivity

The Wing Chun practitioner develops reflexes within the searching of unsecured defenses through use of sensitivity. Training through Chi Sao with a training partner, one practices the trapping of hands. When an opponent is “trapped”, he or she becomes immobile.

Chinese philosophy:
“Greet what arrives, escort what leaves and rush upon loss of contact”- Yip Man

Close range

Wing Chun teaches practitioners to advance quickly and strike at close range. While the Wing Chun forward kick can be considered a long range technique, many Wing Chun practitioners practice “entry techniques”—getting past an opponent’s kicks and punches to bring him within range of Wing Chun’s close range repertoire. This means that theoretically, if the correct techniques are applied, a shorter person with a shorter range can defeat a larger person by getting inside his range and attacking him close to his body.


Forms and san sik

Forms are meditative, solitary exercises which develop self-awareness, balance, relaxation and sensitivity. Forms also train the practitioner in the fundamental movement and the correct force generation of Wing Chun.
San Sik (translated as Separate Forms) are compact in structure. They can be loosely grouped into three broad categories:

1) focus on building body structure through basic punching, standing, turning, and stepping drills;
2) fundamental arm cycles and changes, firmly ingraining the cardinal tools for interception and adaptation; and
3) sensitivity training and combination techniques.

It is from the forms and san sik that all Wing Chun techniques are derived. Depending on lineage, the focus, content and intent of each form can have distinct differences which can therefore have far reaching implications. This also means that there are a few different ideas concerning what constitutes progression in the curriculum from form to form, so only a general description of overlap between different schools of thought is possible here.

What’s commonly seen are six Wing Chun forms: three empty hand forms, one “wooden dummy” form, and two weapons forms.

Siu Nim Tao (???; xiao niàn tóu; Yale Cantonese: síu nihm tàuh; “little idea” or “little imagination”) or Siu Lim Tao (???; xiao liàn tóu; Yale Cantonese: síu lihn tàuh; “little practice”). The first, and most important form in Wing Chun, Siu Lim Tao is the foundation or “seed” of the art from which all succeeding forms and techniques depend. Fundamental rules of balance and body structure are developed here. Using a car analogy: for some branches this would provide the chassis for others this is the engine. It serves basically as the alphabet for the system. Some branches view the symmetrical stance as the fundamental fighting stance, while others see it as more a training stance used in developing technique.

Chum Kiu (??; pinyin: xún qiáo; Yale Cantonese: cham4 kiu4; “seeking the bridge”. Alternately “sinking bridge” pinyin: chen qiáo; Yale Cantonese: sám kìuh;) The second form, Chum Kiu, focuses on coordinated movement of bodymass and entry techniques to “bridge the gap” between practitioner and opponent and move in to disrupt their structure and balance. Close-range attacks using the elbows and knees are also developed here. It also teaches methods of recovering position and centerline when in a compromised position where Siu Nim Tao structure has been lost. For some branches bodyweight in striking is a central theme, whether it be from pivoting (rotational) or stepping (translational). Likewise for some branches, this form provides the engine to the car. For branches who use the “sinking bridge” interpretation, the form takes on more emphasis of an “uprooting” context adding multi-dimensional movement and spiraling to the already developed engine.

Biu Tze (??; pinyin: biao zhi; Yale Cantonese: bìu jí; “darting fingers”) The third form, Biu Jee, is composed of extreme short-range and extreme long-range techniques, low kicks and sweeps, and “emergency techniques” to counter-attack when structure and centerline have been seriously compromised, such as when the practitioner is seriously injured. As well as pivoting and stepping, developed in Chum Kiu, a third degree of freedom involving more upper body and stretching is developed for more power. Such movements include very close range elbow strikes and finger thrusts to the throat. For some branches this is the turbo-charger of the car. For others it can be seen as a “pit stop” kit that should never come in to play, recovering your “engine” when it has been lost. Still other branches view this form as imparting deadly “killing” and maiming techniques that should never be used if you can help it. A common wing chun saying is “Biu Jee doesn’t go out the door.” Some interpret this to mean the form should be kept secret, others interpret it as meaning it should never be used if you can help it.

Wooden dummy

Muk Yan Jong (???; pinyin: mùrénzhuang; Yale Cantonese: muhk yàhn jòng; “wooden dummy”) The Muk Yan Jong form is performed against a “wooden dummy”, a thick wooden post with three arms and a leg mounted on a slightly springy frame representing a stationary human opponent. Although representative of a human opponent, the dummy is not a physical representation of a human, but an energetic one. Wooden dummy practice aims to refine a practitioner’s understanding of angles, positions, and footwork, and to develop full body power. It is here that the open hand forms are pieced together and understood as a whole.


Both the Way Yan (Weng Chun) and Nguy?n T?-Công branches use different curricula of empty hand forms. The Tam Yeung and Fung Sang lineages both trace their origins to Leung Jan’s retirement to his native village of Gu Lao, where he taught a curriculum of San Sik.
The Siu Lien Tao (Little First Training) of Cho Ga Wing Chun is one long form that includes movements that are comparative to a combination of Siu Nim Tao, Chum Kiu, and Biu Jee of other families. The other major forms of the style are Sui Da (“Random Striking”), Chui Da (“Chase Striking”), Fa Kuen (“Variegated Fist”), Jin Jeung (“Arrow Palm”), Jin Kuen (“Arrow Fist”), Joy Kuen (“Drunken Fist”), Sup Saam Sao (“Thirteen Hands”), and Chi Sao Lung (“Sticking Hands Set”). Also, a few family styles of Wing-Chun (especially those coming from the “Hong Sun Hay Ban Tong” (Red Boat/Junk Opera Society) have a combination advanced form called; “Saam Baai Fut” (3 Bows to Buddha) which includes many flow/leak techniques from all of the first ‘standard’ 6 forms.


Once correct force generation in the open-handed forms is achieved, the student is ready to progress to weapons. With the open hand forms delivering force to the end of the finger tips, the idea is to be able to extend that force further to the end of a weapon as an extension of the body, using the same principles. Also, these weapons forms can be used as an exercise to strengthen the forearms and wrists even further.
Also known as Yee Jee Seung Do (“Parallel Shape Double Knives”) and Baat Jaam Do (Eight Chopping/Slashing Knives”). A form involving a pair of large “Butterfly Knives”, slightly smaller than short swords (Dao). Historically the knives were also referred to as Dit Ming Do (“Life-Taking Knives”)
Luk Dim Boon Kwun, or “Six and A Half Point Pole”. “Long Pole”— a tapered wooden pole ranging anywhere from 8 to 13 feet in length. Also referred to as “Dragon Pole” by some branches. For some branches that use “Six and A Half Point Pole”, their 7 principles of Luk Dim Boon Kwun(Tai-uprooting, lan-to expand, dim-shock, kit-deflect, got-cut down, wan-circle, lau-flowing) are used throughout the unarmed combat as well. The name six and a half point pole comes from these 7 principles, with the last principle:Lau, or Flowing counting as half a point.
The Yuen Kay-San/Sum Nung branch also historically trained throwing darts (Biu). According to Sum Nung, his skill with them could not compare to Yuen Kay San’s, so they are not part of the current curriculum.

Chi sao

Chi Sao (Chinese ??, Cantonese chi1 sau², Mandarin chishou) or “sticking hands”. Term for the principle, and drills used for the development of automatic reflexes upon contact and the idea of “sticking” to the opponent. Although, in reality the intention is not to stick at all costs, but rather to protect your centerline while attacking your opponent’s centerline. In Wing Chun this is practiced through two practitioners maintaining contact with each other’s forearms while executing techniques, thereby training each other to sense changes in body mechanics, pressure, momentum and “feel”. This increased sensitivity gained from this drill helps a practitioner attack and counter an opponent’s movements precisely, quickly and with the appropriate technique.

Chi Sao additionally refers to methods of rolling hands drills (Luk Sao). Luk Sao participants push and “roll” their forearms against each other in a single circle while trying to remain relaxed. The aim is to feel forces, test resistances and find defensive gaps. Other branches do a version of this where each of the arms roll in small separate circles. Luk Sao is most notably taught within the Pan Nam branches where both the larger rolling drills and the method where each of the arms roll in small separate circles are taught.
In some lineages (such as the Yip Man and Jiu Wan branches), Chi Sao drills begin with one-armed sets called Dan Chi Sao which help the novice student to get the feel of the exercise, each practitioner uses one hand from the same side as they face each other. Chi Sao is a sensitivity drill to obtain specific responses, it should not be confused with sparring/fighting, though it can be practiced or expressed in a combat form.

Chi gerk

“Sticking-legs,” is the lower-body equivalent of the upper body’s Chi-sao training. Chi-gerk is first experienced by way of various strength and conditioning drills, and a great deal of strength and conditioning is experienced prior to continuing. Because the legs are stronger, they are usually harder to relax during drills. Also, because students are busy concentrating on upper body movements, many will usually not place the emphasis required in the lower body.

Mook Wan

“Wooden Ring”, is another, somewhat rare training-tool in some families of Wing-chun. An approximately 10 inch to 14 inch ring made of bamboo or ratan (some schools use a “metal” ring (progressively)), the Mook-Wan is used for training the wrists and forearms, and to instruct the student in “flow” from technique to technique. An actual “form” set-up in some schools, other schools just train techniques and strategies without a formulated “set” pattern. Also Jook Wan Huen (bamboo link ring).
Southern martial art

Wing Chun, together with Hung Gar and Choi Lei Fut, is named as one of “The Three Great Martial Art Schools of the South”, which originated and became popular in Southern China.

Global spread

Wing Chun is practiced globally, in over 64 countries. It is the world’s most popular form of Southern Kung Fu.

In popular culture

Bruce Lee popularized wing chun and based his style on many facets of wing chun. Wing chun can be considered to be a foundation of Jeet Kune Do.
Donnie Yen has also caused impact in the martial arts world through his various films. Donnie Yen played the role of Wing Chun Grandmaster in the 2008 movie, Ip Man, which was a box office success.